Liquid X® Technology 2016-12-04T18:30:25+00:00

Liquid X® Technology

Liquid X functional inks

Liquid X® Inks are meticulously engineered to be sustainable, cost-effective, and adaptable to deposition techniques and emerging applications.

  • Sustainability is derived from the fact that all ink formulations are aqueous-based with limited additives used to optimize ink stability, rheology and printability.
  • Cost effectiveness is attained with comparatively low silver loading coupled with cure techniques that lend themselves to roll-to-roll processings.
  • Processability on existing commercial printing platforms is achieved by Liquid X®’s proprietary particle-free formulations.

Liquid X Printed Metals® will partner with you to provide a customized ink solution to fit your exact needs.

The Liquid X® Advantage

Liquid X® inks are unique because our technology is on the atomic level. We have processing advantages and achieve better metal film properties than the competitive metallic inks, making our inks ideal for applications that must performed in robust environments such as automotive, wearables, photovoltaics, and packaging.

advantages of
Ink Properties

  • Particle-free formulation …
    lends to long-term stability & excellent processability across all printing platforms.
  • Water-based system …
    offers sustainable formulations which are odor-free and environmentally friendly.
  • Tunable Viscosity …
    allows for customizable solutions across multiple printing platforms.

advantages of
Film Properties

  • Thin metal films …
    provide high conductivity while decreasing precious metal usage and cost.
  • Excellent adhesion …
    both tensile and shear, across all commercial substrates and coatings.
  • Durable continuous metal films …
    deliver high resilience even under flexing and stress.
  • Highly reflective films …
    produce a mirror-like finish upon curing.


Nanoparticles have become effective precursors for silver inks; however, their application is complicated by challenges with particle agglomeration in solution, especially when deposition techniques such as inkjet and flexographic printing are utilized.

Large particulate formed by nanoparticle agglomeration are infamous for clogging nozzle jets and anilox in inkjet and flexographic printers respectively.

Competitive metallic inks contain nanoparticles or metal flakes leading to poor adhesion and lower conductivity.

Liquid X Comparison Technology


In terms of printability, we have found the Liquid X Silver Inkjet Ink to be by far the easiest to use with limited prior materials printing experience. It is free of volatile organic solvents, which reduces health and environmental risks, and does not require specialized curing equipment to achieve excellent adhesion, film uniformity, and electrical conductivity on glass or polymer substrates. The silver ink also does not exhibit the foul odor associated with other commercial silver inks or release noxious fumes upon curing.

Professor Enrique Gomez, Penn State University